The INAMA Project

Illegal Wildlife Trade (IWT) has a devastating impact on the environment, the social and economic development of the affected countries, and international security. Wildlife crime is one of the largest organized criminal enterprises, and contributes by billions of dollars to transnational organized crime groups that often traffic in other illegal goods, including (among others) narcotics and weapons.

The WCO Environment Programme (EP)’s INAMA Project aims to mitigate this global scourge by strengthening the enforcement capacities of targeted Customs administrations in Asian, South American, and sub-Saharan African countries in relation to IWT and the enforcement of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).

Currently, the project has two separate components and is funded by the United States (US) Department of State and the German Agency for International Cooperation (GIZ).

US Department of State: INAMA III

INAMA III has the following objectives, in the field of IWT and within 11 selected beneficiary administrations in sub-Saharan, South American and Asian countries:

  • Enhance the training capacity;
  • Improve risk management and case selection;
  • Strengthen interagency cooperation;
  • Support with the drafting and implementation of Memoranda of Understanding.

It is expected that the above will result on enhanced enforcement capacity of the targeted administrations, and more successful IWT enforcement operations.

A number of activities are envisaged under INAMA III:

  • Regional COPES and technical assistance workshops;
  • Risk Management technical support national missions;
  • Risk Management global workshop;
  • Training, legal, enforcement and cooperation national support missions.

Some of the activities will be carried out in cooperation with the Compendium of Customs Operational Practices for Enforcement and Seizures (COPES) and the International Consortium on Combating Wildlife Crime (ICCWC).

INAMA III was kicked off in September 2019, as a direct continuation to INAMA II, and will continue until September 2021.

GIZ: INAMA Risk Management

The current GIZ grant to the INAMA Project focuses on improving Customs Risk Management of three beneficiary countries in sub-Saharan Africa and Asia, some of the most affected by IWT: Malawi, Nigeria and Vietnam. In particular, this component aims to enhance the administrations’ risk frameworks while assisting with the development of generic and specific risk profiles, which will ultimately lead to more effective enforcement operations.

Concretely, INAMA GIZ is being implemented as follows:

  • 1 diagnostic mission per country;
  • 1 detailed report with findings and recommendations per country;
  • 1 implementation mission per country;
  • 1 joint workshop for the three countries;
  • Exchange of Customs personnel.

This component of the project started in July 2018 and will run until May 2020.

Previous funding streams

The INAMA Project is the follow up to the Great Apes and Integrity Project (GAPIN), which ran between 2010 and 2013.

Since its inception in 2014 and in a joint effort to tackle IWT, the INAMA Project provided support to more than 30 countries and benefitted from funding from:

  • The US Department of State;
  • Sweden;
  • GIZ;
  • The CITES Secretariat.