Security Programme

Terrorism, proliferation of weapons and materials of mass destruction, trafficking of small arms and explosives, and illicit diversion of dual use goods pose a serious threat not only to security and safety of people, but also to economic development, political stability and social cohesion of countries across the globe.

Customs Administrations play a critical role at the international border crossings in the whole-of-government efforts to mitigate these threats. Customs manages the cross-border flows of goods, people and means of transport to ensure they comply with law. The elevated threat level countries are facing after the surge in terrorism saw an increasing number of Customs administrations including security as part of their core mandate.

The significance of Customs’ role in border security has been reiterated in various United Nations Security Council Resolutions (e.g. UN SCR 1540 (2004)) and through other high-level political commitments, such as G7 and G20 declarations.

In the aftermath of the 9/11 terrorist attacks, the WCO adopted the SAFE Framework of Standards (SAFE FoS) to Secure and Facilitate Global Trade in June 2005 as a global Customs instrument to deter international terrorism, secure revenue collection and promote trade facilitation worldwide.

Following the recent escalation in global terrorist activity, the WCO Policy Commission issued the Punta Cana Resolution in December 2015, which readdresses and highlights Customs’ role and contribution in the context of border security and counter terrorism. Shortly after the adoption of the Punta Cana Resolution the WCO launched the WCO Security Programme to support strengthening Customs administrations’ capacity to deal with specific security related risks.

With the SAFE Framework of Standards the WCO developed the blueprints for effective Customs controls from a supply chain security perspective while additional guidance regarding specific security related risks is provided by the Security programme. In addition, the WCO cooperates on a regular base with the United Nations (UN) bodies and other international organizations to help its Members to better cope with their international obligations stipulated by various UN Security Council Resolutions.

The WCO Security Programme is now well recognized in the international community and highlighted in the “G7 Action Plan on Countering Terrorism and Violent Extremism” adopted at the G7’s Ise-Shima Summit held in Japan in 2016. Furthermore, the WCO Security Programme is also mentioned in the “G20 Action Plan on Countering Terrorism” adopted in July 2017.

The WCO Security Programme aims at reaching border security outcomes in five strategic areas.

These include:

  • Policy setting and foresight;
  • Providing guidance and good practices on Customs controls in relation to security;
  • Coordination of security related Customs law enforcement programmes and operations;
  • International cooperation;
  • Technical assistance and capacity-building; and
  • Private sector outreach.

The programme consists of five (5) commodity based/thematic areas and a holistic technical assistance and capacity building initiative that includes:

  • Passenger Controls;
  • Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) Programme Global Shield;
  • Strategic Trade Control Enforcement (STCE) Programme;
  • Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW) Project;
  • Terrorist financing;
  • Border Security Initiative

More information on the WCO Security Programme can be received through the WCO Website or by contacting the WCO Security Programme at WCOSecurityProgramme@wcoomd.org.

Photo 1: Security Programme in brief

Security Programme Chart