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Instruments and Tools
Comparative Study on Preferential Rules of Origin
11 July 2012
General Rules for the Interpretation of the Harmonized System - Rule 3
A further stage of economic integration is offerd by the concept of “full cumulation” which gives the possibility to aggregate different origin conferring manufacturing stages done in different parties of a free trade zone. The European Economic Area (EEA Agreement) provides ground for full cumulation between its contracting parties allowing the three EFTA countries Iceland, Norway and Liechtenstein (except Switzerland) to participate in the single European market.
29 May 2012
As the name implies, this type of accumulation/cumulation applies between two countries. Bilateral accumulation/cumulation is most common in almost all origin legislations and provides for the use of originating inputs from the partner country of a free trade zone.
General Rules for the Interpretation of the Harmonized System - Rule 5
ACCUMULATION / CUMULATION OR CUMULATIVE RULES OF ORIGIN
Bilateral accumulation / cumulation
Diagonal cumulation (sometimes also called “regional cumulation”, i.e. cumulation between member countries of a regional group of countries under the Generalised System of Preferences (GSP)), is in fact the same as bilateral cumulation, but operates between more than two countries provided they have concluded preferential trading agreements between each other .