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WTO Valuation Agreement

Introduction

The WTO Valuation Agreement is formally known as the Agreement on Implementation of Article VII of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) 1994. It replaced the GATT Valuation Code as a result of the Uruguay Round multilateral trade negotiations which created the WTO in 1994.

The Agreement provides a Customs valuation system that primarily bases the Customs value on the transaction value of the imported goods, which is the price actually paid or payable for the goods when sold for export to the country of importation, with certain adjustments.

Where the Customs value cannot be determined on the basis of the transaction value, it will be determined using one of the following methods:

  • The transaction value of identical goods
  • The transaction value of similar goods
  • The deductive value method
  • The computed value method
  • The fall-back method.

The above valuation methods must be used in hierarchical order.

Benefits of the Agreement

The Agreement is intended to provide a single system that is fair, uniform and neutral for the valuation of imported goods for Customs purposes, conforming to commercial realities and outlawing the use of arbitrary or fictitious Customs values. The Agreement, by its positive concept of value, recognizes that Customs valuation should, as far as possible, be based on the actual price of the goods to be valued.

With the majority of world trade valued on the basis of the transaction value method, the Agreement provides more predictability, stability and transparency for trade, thus facilitating international trade while at the same time ensuring compliance with national laws and regulations.

30th Anniversary of the GATT/WTO Valuation Agreement

 

Press release

Brochure [es]

Poster [es]